Symbolism of the American Flag Defined
Aug 04, · The 13 stripes on an American flag represent the original 13 states. The white color of the stripes represents purity and innocence, while the red stands for hardiness and valor. The stripes are a symbol of the light rays from the sun, which are shining down on the country. On Jan. 1, , George Washington ordered his troops to fly the Grand Union flag over his base on Prospect Hill. Aug 05, · The stripes that are present on the flag of the United States are representative of the original 13 colonies that existed in the U.S. The red stripes represent the hardiness and valor that was used to get the U.S. to where it is. The white stripes represent .
The Flag of America what do i need to register to vote in oklahoma of thirteen stripes of equal size running horizontally across the banner and a blue rectangle on the canton consisting of fifty white stars.
The thirteen horizontal stripes of red alternating with white, with the red stripe being at the top and bottom. The thirteen stripes symbolize the thirteen British colonies that gained independence from Great Britain in and were the founding states of the US. The fifty stars with five-points represent the fifty states comprising the USA. The first American flag was designed by Francis Hopkinson insrripes the current American flag was designed by year old Robert G.
Heft kean the flag as a high rhe project in and the flag was officially embraced in July The flag resolution what does the stripes on the us flag mean passed on June 14,and it stated that the flag would have 13 alternating red and white stripes running horizontally on the banner and thirteen white stars in a blue rectangle on the canton.
The first flag was named the Grand Union and it had the Union Jack at the canton instead of the present day rectangle with stars. The rest of the flag which comprises the 13 horizontal stripes was still in use back then.
This flag was in use until when Philadelphia Congress agreed on a flag and a new flag design was chosen.
The Congress did not specify the fine print of the flag like the number of red stripes versus the number of white, or the ob of the white stars in the blue what to plant in febuary, so the first flags had several different versions.
In Kentucky and Vermont joined the US so the number of stripes and white stars was increased to The flag's design was retained for a few years what does the stripes on the us flag mean with new member states joining the Union.
On April 4,the Congress decided to review the flag and it was decided, on the suggestion of Samuel C. Reid, that the stripes on the flag would be reduced to 13 to celebrate the 13 founding states, and a star to be added to the flag whenever a new state joins the Union. It was also decided that, following the admission of a new state, the new flag design would be raised on July 4 th.
The current flag with 50 stars is the US flag that has been in use for the longest time. The stripes on the flag were reduced to 13 to celebrate the 13 founding states. Benjamin Elisha Sawe February 22 in Politics. G7 Countries. Communist Countries. Louisiana Purchase. Group Of Eight G8. What Is Authoritarian Government?
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The symbol, known as the Thin Blue Line Emblem, has been used by members of law enforcement to represent support for their fellow officers, particularly after police shootings. The symbol reportedly originated in the U.K. with a different flag but is now commonly used in the U.S. and Canada to memorialize fallen officers. The green stripes represent eiher pro-environmentalism generally, pro-Irish-Americanism generally, and/or proKermitism specifically (it is not easy being green, so expressing solidarity is an important confidence booster, particularly for AmphibioAmericans and hand puppets alike). views · Answer requested by. Dec 17, · While the meaning of a totally black or black and white American flag is not firm yet, the " Thin Blue Line " is used to signify support for law enforcement.
It consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red top and bottom alternating with white, with a blue rectangle in the canton referred to specifically as the "union" bearing fifty small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows, where rows of six stars top and bottom alternate with rows of five stars. The 50 stars on the flag represent the 50 states of the United States of America , and the 13 stripes represent the thirteen British colonies that declared independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain , and became the first states in the U.
The current design of the U. The star flag was in effect for 47 years until the star version became official on July 4, The star flag was ordered by then president Eisenhower on August 21, , and was adopted in July It is the longest-used version of the U. Flag of the British East India Company , — At the time of the Declaration of Independence in July , the Continental Congress would not legally adopt flags with "stars, white in a blue field" for another year.
The flag contemporaneously known as "the Continental Colors " has historically been referred to as the first national flag. The Continental Navy raised the Colors as the ensign of the fledgling nation in the American War for Independence —likely with the expedient of transforming their previous British red ensigns by adding white stripes—and used this flag until , when it formed the basis for the subsequent designs.
The flag closely resembles the British East India Company flag of the era, and Sir Charles Fawcett argued in that the company flag inspired the design. However, an East India Company flag could have from nine to 13 stripes and was not allowed to be flown outside the Indian Ocean. He said to George Washington , "While the field of your flag must be new in the details of its design, it need not be entirely new in its elements. There is already in use a flag, I refer to the flag of the East India Company.
Some colonists also felt that the Company could be a powerful ally in the American War of Independence , as they shared similar aims and grievances against the British government tax policies.
Colonists, therefore, flew the Company's flag, to endorse the Company. However, the theory that the Grand Union Flag was a direct descendant of the flag of the East India Company has been criticized as lacking written evidence. Mullets were comparatively rare in early modern heraldry, but an example of mullets representing territorial divisions predating the U. Another widely repeated theory is that the design was inspired by the coat of arms of George Washington's family , which includes three red stars over two horizontal red bars on a white field.
Smith National Library for the Study of George Washington at Mount Vernon , calls it an "enduring myth" backed by "no discernible evidence. On June 14, , the Second Continental Congress passed the Flag Resolution which stated: " Resolved , That the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red and white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, representing a new constellation.
While scholars still argue about this, tradition holds that the new flag was first hoisted in June by the Continental Army at the Middlebrook encampment.
The first official U. Massachusetts reinforcements brought news of the adoption by Congress of the official flag to Fort Schuyler. Soldiers cut up their shirts to make the white stripes; scarlet material to form the red was secured from red flannel petticoats of officers' wives, while material for the blue union was secured from Capt.
Abraham Swartwout 's blue cloth coat. A voucher is extant that Capt. Swartwout of Dutchess County was paid by Congress for his coat for the flag. The resolution was most probably meant to define a naval ensign.
In the late 18th century, the notion of a national flag did not yet exist, or was only nascent. The flag resolution appears between other resolutions from the Marine Committee. Each regiment was to carry the national standard in addition to its regimental standard. The national standard was not a reference to the national or naval flag. The Flag Resolution did not specify any particular arrangement, number of points, nor orientation for the stars and the arrangement or whether the flag had to have seven red stripes and six white ones or vice versa.
Some flag makers arranged the stars into one big star, in a circle or in rows and some replaced a state's star with its initial. Experts have dated the earliest known example of this flag to be in a painting by John Trumbull. Despite the resolution, the early years of American independence featured many different flags. Most were individually crafted rather than mass-produced. While there are many examples of star arrangements, some of those flags included blue stripes  as well as red and white.
Benjamin Franklin and John Adams , in a letter dated October 3, , to Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies , described the American flag as consisting of "13 stripes, alternately red, white, and blue, a small square in the upper angle, next to the flagstaff, is a blue field, with 13 white stars, denoting a new Constellation.
Navy ships including the well-documented flags of the Serapis and the Alliance. The Serapis flag had three rows of eight-pointed stars with stripes that were red, white, and blue. The flag for the Alliance , however, had five rows of eight-pointed stars with 13 red and white stripes, and the white stripes were on the outer edges. Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey , a naval flag designer, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence , designed the flag  while he was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board's Middle Department, sometime between his appointment to that position in November and the time that the flag resolution was adopted in June Hopkinson was the only person to have made such a claim during his own life when he sent a letter and several bills to Congress for his work.
Hopkinson initially wrote a letter to Congress, via the Continental Board of Admiralty, on May 25, However, in three subsequent bills to Congress, Hopkinson asked to be paid in cash, but he did not list his U. Instead, he asked to be paid for designing the "great Naval Flag of the United States" in the first bill; the "Naval Flag of the United States" in the second bill; and "the Naval Flag of the States" in the third, along with the other items.
The flag references were generic terms for the naval ensign that Hopkinson had designed, that is, a flag of seven red stripes and six white ones. The predominance of red stripes made the naval flag more visible against the sky on a ship at sea.
By contrast, Hopkinson's flag for the United States had seven white stripes, and six red ones — in reality, six red stripes laid on a white background. His Admiralty Seal had seven red stripes;  whereas, his second U. Seal proposal had seven white ones. On 10 May , a letter from the War Board to George Washington stated that there was still no design established for a national standard, on which to base regimental standards, but also referenced flag requirements given to the board by General von Steuben.
The origin of the stars and stripes design has been muddled by a story disseminated by the descendants of Betsy Ross. The apocryphal story credits Betsy Ross for sewing one of the first flags from a pencil sketch handed to her by George Washington.
No evidence for this exists either in the diaries of George Washington or in the records of the Continental Congress. Indeed, nearly a century passed before Ross's grandson, William Canby, first publicly suggested the story in The family of Rebecca Young claimed that she sewed the first flag.
In , the number of stars and stripes was increased from 13 to 15 to reflect the entry of Vermont and Kentucky as states of the Union. For a time the flag was not changed when subsequent states were admitted, probably because it was thought that this would cause too much clutter.
On April 4, , a plan was passed by Congress at the suggestion of U. Naval Captain Samuel C. Reid  in which the flag was changed to have 20 stars, with a new star to be added when each new state was admitted, but the number of stripes would be reduced to 13 so as to honor the original colonies. The act specified that new flag designs should become official on the first July 4 Independence Day following the admission of one or more new states.
The most recent change, from 49 stars to 50, occurred in when the present design was chosen, after Hawaii gained statehood in August Before that, the admission of Alaska in January prompted the debut of a short-lived star flag.
Prior to the adoption of the star flag in , there was no official arrangement of the stars in the canton, although the U.
Army and U. Navy used standardized designs. Throughout the 19th century, there was an abundance of different star patterns, rectangular and circular.
On July 4, , the star flag became the version of the flag in the longest use, surpassing the star flag that was used from to The U. Preble :. When the thirteen stripes and stars first appeared at Canton, much curiosity was excited among the people. News was circulated that a strange ship had arrived from the further end of the world, bearing a flag "as beautiful as a flower".
In the above quote, the Chinese words are written phonetically based on spoken Cantonese. The names given were common usage in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. In the following table depicting the 28 various designs of the United States flag, the star patterns for the flags are merely the usual patterns, often associated with the United States Navy.
Canton designs, prior to the proclamation of the star flag, had no official arrangement of the stars. Furthermore, the exact colors of the flag were not standardized until If a new U. Potential statehood candidates include U. Residents of the District of Columbia D. Neither proposal has been approved by Congress.
In , District of Columbia mayor Muriel Bowser had dozens of star flags installed on Pennsylvania Avenue , the street linking the U.
Capitol building with the White House , in anticipation of a hearing in the U. House of Representatives regarding potential District of Columbia statehood. According to the U. Army Institute of Heraldry, the United States flag never becomes obsolete.
Any approved American flag may continue to be used and displayed until no longer serviceable. The flag of the United States is one of the nation's most widely recognized symbols. Within the United States, flags are frequently displayed not only on public buildings but on private residences.
The flag is a common motif on decals for car windows, and on clothing ornamentation such as badges and lapel pins. Throughout the world the flag has been used in public discourse to refer to the United States. The flag has become a powerful symbol of Americanism , and is flown on many occasions, with giant outdoor flags used by retail outlets to draw customers.
Reverence for the flag has at times reached religion-like fervor : in William Norman Guthrie 's book The Religion of Old Glory discussed "the cult of the flag"  and formally proposed vexillolatry. Despite a number of attempts to ban the practice, desecration of the flag remains protected as free speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. Scholars have noted the irony that "[t]he flag is so revered because it represents the land of the free, and that freedom includes the ability to use or abuse that flag in protest".
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