Middle East: countries quiz
Central Asia is a region in Asia which stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China and Mongolia in the east, and from Afghanistan and Iran in the south to Russia in the north. The region consists of the former Russian-ruled, later Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. It is also colloquially referred to as "the stans" as the countries. Central Asia: countries quiz. Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. The region consists of the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
Asia is the biggest and most populous continent in the world. The continent is made up of 48 countries and three other territories.
The count includes transcontinental countres with majority of their population located in Asia. If Russia is included, the number of countries in Asia becomes Ard United Nations divides Asia into five different subregions for statistical purposes. These subregions and the countries included in them have been described below:.
Centrzl subregion of Eastern Asia has a population of nearly 1. The Chinese population is estimated at more than 1. The least populous country in Eastern Asla is Mongoliawith a population of approximately 3. Eastern Asian countries China and Japan are the second and third biggest economies in the world whaf. Eastern Asia also includes what is arguably the most what countries are in central asia country in azia world, North What countries are in central asiawhich is a communist state with a severely stagnant economy.
The rest of Eastern Asia, particularly Japan and South Korea, view North Korea with concern and suspicion, especially in light of the fact that the communist country is known aasia have several whatt weapons at its disposal. The most populous city in Eastern Asia is Ceentral, which is home to a whopping The Chinese cities of Shanghai and Beijing are the second and third most populous cities in Eastern Asia respectively, both having populations of more than 20 million.
South-Eastern Asia is home to 11 countries. The largest and most populous country of South-Eastern Asia is Indonesia, which consists of an archipelago of many islands, both big and small. The least populous country in South-Eastern Asia is the small Sultanate of Bruneiwhose population is not much more than thousand.
It includes 9 countries. In fact, statistics show that byIndia will have arf China to be the most populous country in the world. The next most populous country in the subregion is Pakistan, which has more than million people living within its borders. The least populous country in Southern Asia is the small island country what time is the preakness horse race the Maldives, with just over thousand people.
The cities of Dhaka, Bangladesh and Karachi, Pakistan are also quite populous, with populations of Central Asia includes 5 countries.
The region's population is about Like Eastern Asia, Central Asia consists of 5 countries. All of these countries were part of the Soviet Union, until it collapsed in Since then, these countries have been separate independent states.
The most populous country in Central Asia is Uzbekistan, with a population in excess of 33 million. The least populous country in the subregion is Turkmenistan, which has a population of approximately 6 million. Central Asia includes one transcontinental country, Kazakhstan, which is also what countries are in central asia largest country in the subregion. Some of its territory is considered countgies of Europe.
The population of Western Asia is approximately million. The most how to factory reset atrix what countries are in central asia in the subregion is Turkey, with a population in cengral of 84 million.
Other transcontinental what is public administration and management in Western Asia include Georgia and Azerbaijan. Though technically part of Asia, Cyprus is usually considered a European country from political and economic perspectives. It is even part crntral the European Union. Other major population centers in the subregion include the Saudi capital, Riyadh, and the Turkish capital, Ankara.
Both territories were originally part of China, but were taken by European powers in centuries past. Hong Kong was a British colony, but was ceded back to China in Macau was a Portuguese colony untilwhen it too was returned to Chinese control. The third Asian territory is the island of Taiwan, which is now a de facto independent state. Most countries, however, do not centgal Taiwan as an independent country, and instead countrkes it a province of China.
China itself jn the island a renegade province that must eventually be put under its rule, and has threatened to use force to take control of the island. The list of countries in Asia includes 6 transcontinental countries. These countries have spread across both Europe and How to get a usb to work on xbox 360. However, the majority of the population of these countries reside in the Asian part of their territories unlike that of Russia.
Hence, these countries have been listed here. Map of Asia China is the most populous country in both Asia and the world. India is set to overtake China as the most populous country in the world by The Sultanate of Brunei cointries Asia's least populated country.
Asia consists of 48 countries and 3 other territories. Asia is the most populous continent in the world. Jason Shvili March 11 in World Facts. Southeast Asian Countries. Commonwealth Of Independent States. Caribbean Countries.
Countries in Central Asia Central Asia, as its name implies, is located in the center of the Asian continent, between the Caspian Sea, China, northern Iran and southern Siberia. The region comprises the area of countries, such as Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and others. Dec 19, · Countries of Central Asia Uzbekistan - 32,, Uzbekistan is the most populous nation in Central Asia, with a population of about 32 million people, nearly half the region’s population. The country has a relatively young population, with 35% of it being younger than 14 years. Like Eastern Asia, Central Asia consists of 5 countries. All of these countries were part of the Soviet Union, until it collapsed in Since then, these countries have been separate independent states. The most populous country in Central Asia is Uzbekistan, with a population in excess of 33 million.
It occupies the eastern four-fifths of the giant Eurasian landmass. Asia is more a geographic term than a homogeneous continent, and the use of the term to describe such a vast area always carries the potential of obscuring the enormous diversity among the regions it encompasses.
In addition, the peoples of Asia have established the broadest variety of human adaptation found on any of the continents. The name Asia is ancient, and its origin has been variously explained. The Greeks used it to designate the lands situated to the east of their homeland. When Western explorers reached South and East Asia in early modern times, they extended that label to the whole of the immense landmass. Asia is bounded by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the south, the Red Sea as well as the inland seas of the Atlantic Ocean —the Mediterranean and the Black to the southwest, and Europe to the west.
Asia is separated from North America to the northeast by the Bering Strait and from Australia to the southeast by the seas and straits connecting the Indian and Pacific oceans. The Isthmus of Suez unites Asia with Africa , and it is generally agreed that the Suez Canal forms the border between them. The land boundary between Asia and Europe is a historical and cultural construct that has been defined variously; only as a matter of agreement is it tied to a specific borderline. The most convenient geographic boundary—one that has been adopted by most geographers—is a line that runs south from the Arctic Ocean along the Ural Mountains and then turns southwest along the Emba River to the northern shore of the Caspian Sea ; west of the Caspian, the boundary follows the Kuma-Manych Depression to the Sea of Azov and the Kerch Strait of the Black Sea.
Thus, the isthmus between the Black and Caspian seas, which culminates in the Caucasus mountain range to the south, is part of Asia. The total area of Asia, including Asian Russia with the Caucasian isthmus but excluding the island of New Guinea , amounts to some 17,, square miles 44,, square km , roughly one-third of the land surface of Earth.
The islands—including Taiwan , those of Japan and Indonesia , Sakhalin and other islands of Asian Russia, Sri Lanka , Cyprus , and numerous smaller islands—together constitute 1,, square miles 3,, square km , about 7 percent of the total. Although New Guinea is mentioned occasionally in this article, it generally is not considered a part of Asia. Asia has the highest average elevation of the continents and contains the greatest relative relief.
Those physiographic extremes and the overall predominance of mountain belts and plateaus are the result of the collision of tectonic plates. In geologic terms, Asia comprises several very ancient continental platforms and other blocks of land that merged over the eons.
Most of those units had coalesced as a continental landmass by about million years ago, when the core of the Indian subcontinent broke off from Africa and began drifting northeastward to collide with the southern flank of Asia about 50 million to 40 million years ago.
The northeastward movement of the subcontinent continues at about 2. The impact and pressure continue to raise the Plateau of Tibet and the Himalayas.
The specific features of the coastline in some areas—especially in the east and southeast—are the result of active volcanism; thermal abrasion of permafrost caused by a combination of the action of breaking waves and thawing , as in northeastern Siberia; and coral growth, as in the areas to the south and southeast. Accreting sandy beaches also occur in many areas, such as along the Bay of Bengal and the Gulf of Thailand.
Migration across those barriers has been possible only through mountain passes. A historical movement of population from the arid zones of Central Asia has followed the mountain passes into the Indian subcontinent. More recent migrations have originated in China , with destinations throughout Southeast Asia.
The Korean and Japanese peoples and, to a lesser extent, the Chinese have remained ethnically more homogeneous than the populations of other Asian countries. There is a concentration of population in western Asia as well as great concentrations in the Indian subcontinent and the eastern half of China. There are also appreciable concentrations in the Pacific borderlands and on the islands, but vast areas of Central and North Asia—whose forbidding climates limit agricultural productivity—have remained sparsely populated.
Of those, only Christianity developed primarily outside of Asia; it exerts little influence on the continent, though many Asian countries have Christian minorities. Buddhism has had a greater impact outside its birthplace in India and is prevalent in various forms in China, South Korea , Japan, the Southeast Asian countries, and Sri Lanka.
Islam has spread out of Arabia eastward to South and Southeast Asia. Hinduism has been mostly confined to the Indian subcontinent. This article surveys the physical and human geography of Asia. For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.
For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name—e. The principal treatment of Asian historical and cultural development is contained in the articles on Asian countries, regions, and cities and in the articles Palestine, history of and Islamic world. Related topics are discussed in articles on religion e. Asia Article Media Additional Info. Article Contents. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. National Geographic - Asia: Physical Geography.
Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Director, Zoological Museum, Amsterdam, — Author of Zoogeography of the Land and Inland Waters. See Article History. Britannica Quiz.
Know Your Asian Geography Quiz. Where is the Mayon Volcano? Explore the geography of Asia with this quiz. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Mount Everest left centre in the Himalayas, seen from the Plateau of Tibet. Island resort in the Gulf of Thailand off the coast of southern Thailand.
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