What Are the Two Major Sects in Islam?
Aug 01, · Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between . Dec 12, · Shi’ism is broken into three main sects: the Twelve-Imam, (Persia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Lebanon, Pakistan, and Syria), the Zaydis (Yemen), and the Ismailis (India, Iran, Syria, and East Africa). Each group, of course, has differences of doctrine.
Islam is divided into three divisionz groups: the Sunnithe Shi'ite and the Sufi. Sunni and Shi'ite are the two major divisions. The division between Sunni and Shi'ite comes in the period immediately after Muhammad's death and pf over the issue of his successor as leader of divisons community. He did not specify a successor, so the community had to decide this issue among themselves.
The groups that came to be called Sunni - which means "people of the community and the tradition" - argued that the leader should be someone respected by the community of Muslims who exemplified the traditions of Muhammad. They chose Abu Bakr who was one of Muhammad's closest associates to be the first of qhat would become four caliphs to succeed Muhammad. The Shi'ites, however, disagreed with this. They argued that only a blood relative of Muhammad's what type of pathogen causes athlete foot succeed him; therefore, they chose Ali from among the close associates of the prophet.
Ali was a cousin as well afe a son-in-law. The term "Shi'ite" comes from the word "shia" which means "party or group", as in "party or group" in support of Ali. Because of this division, the two groups developed separate understandings of leadership, theology and community from an early period.
For how to manage a hotel for dummies, Sunni Islam has 4 major schools of thought - developed from within the community of scholars - which Shi'ite Islam questions or even rejects outright because of their lack of placement within the blood lineage of the prophet.
Shi'ite Islam is divided within itself. The largest group is called "Twelver" or Jafari Islam because of their belief about the 12 imams in the line of What are the two divisions of islam. They follow the traditions from Muhammad and what are the two divisions of islam 12 imams, and they attribute infallibility to these 13 individuals plus Fatima Muhammad's daughter.
They believe that the 12th imam is "hidden" and will be revealed at God's command at or near the end how to use pos cash register time. The second divisionx Shi'ite school is the Ismaili who follow the Twelvers up through the 6th imam, after which a split occurs beginning with the 7th imam; hence, the Ismailis sometimes diviskons called "Seveners.
Sunni and Shi'ite traditions and theologies are at time very parallel; however, they differ strongly with each other at other times. Together, they demonstrate the complexity of Islam as a world religion. A third expression - the Sufi - adds even more nuance to the faith. Click below to learn more about Sufism within Islam.
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Aug 04, · The two main branches of Islam are Sunni and Shia Islam. The primary difference in their beliefs is the succession to Mohammad. Another difference is the interpretation of the Koran. Sunni Islams believe that Mohammad intended for the Muslim community to choose a successor by consensus. Islam is divided into three main groups: the Sunni, the Shi'ite and the Sufi. Sunni and Shi'ite are the two major divisions. Sunni is the largest group, making up 85% of world Islam whereas Shi'ites make up 15%. Learn term:sunni and shia = what are the two divisions of islam with free interactive flashcards. Choose from one set of term:sunni and shia = what are the two divisions of islam .
Though the two main sects within Islam , Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. The divide originated with a dispute over who should succeed the Prophet Muhammad as leader of the Islamic faith he introduced.
Today, about 85 percent of the approximately 1. While Shia represent the majority of the population in Iran, Iraq, Bahrain and Azerbaijan, and a plurality in Lebanon, Sunnis are the majority in more than 40 other countries, from Morocco to Indonesia. Despite their differences, Sunni and Shia have lived alongside each other in relative peace for most of history.
But starting in the late 20th century, the schism deepened, exploding into violence in many parts of the Middle East as extreme brands of Sunni and Shia Islam battle for both religous and political supremacy. The death of the prophet Muhammad depicted in a 16th-century Turkish miniature. Abu Bakr, later leader of the Islamic community, is seen bending over him.
The roots of the Sunni-Shia divide can be traced all the way back to the seventh century, soon after the death of the prophet Muhammad in A.
Ali eventually became the fourth caliph or Imam, as Shiites call their leaders , but only after the two that preceded him had both been assassinated. Ali, himself, was killed in , as the bitter power struggle between Sunni and Shia continued. This combination of money and power would only grow. A massive Sunni army waited for them, and by the end of a day standoff with various smaller struggles, Hussein was killed and decapitated, and his head brought to Damascus as a tribute to the Sunni caliph.
In addition to Karbala, the NPR podcast Throughline identified three key milestones that would sharpen Sunni-Shia divisions by the end of the 20th century. First came the rise of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century, which transformed Iran through force from a Sunni center into the Shia stronghold of the Middle East.
In the early 20th century, the victorious Allies divided the territory held by the former Ottoman Empire after World War I , cutting through centuries-old religious and ethnic communities in the process. Finally, in , the Islamic Revolution in Iran produced a radical brand of Shia Islam that would clash violently with Sunni conservatives in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the decades to follow. Amid the increasing politicization of Islam and the rise of fundamentalists on both sides of the divide, sectarian tensions intensified in the early 21st century, especially amid the upheavals caused by two Persian Gulf Wars, the chaos that followed the U.
Sunni-Shia divisions would fuel a long-running civil war in Syria , fighting in Lebanon, Iran, Iraq, Yemen and elsewhere, and terrorist violence on both sides. A common thread in most of these conflicts is the ongoing battle between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shia Iran for influence in the oil-rich Middle East and surrounding regions. Despite the long-running nature of the Sunni-Shia divide, the fact that the two sects coexisted in relative peace for many centuries suggests their struggles may have less to do with religion than with wealth and power.
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