Free Bluebird House Plans
Jan 06, †Ј How to Build a Bluebird House Step 1. Buy or source a 5Т x /2Ф x 3/4Ф plank of untreated wood. Pine or cedar are excellent choices, but any Step 2. Measure and cut wood to the following dimensions. Mark and cut each piece before continuing to the next. Step 3. Once all pieces are cut. Bluebirds are some of the most desirable cavity-nesting backyard birds, but they need a safe, attractive place to nest. These free bluebird house plans can help any birder build just the right size, shape, and style of the house to appeal to bluebirds and attract nesting bluebird pairs.
Barker and Elissa Wolfson. You can also download a printable PDF of the instructions here. In the natural world, all three species of North American bluebirdsЧthe Eastern, Western, and Mountain BluebirdsЧseek tree cavities or woodpecker holes for nesting sites. But today, natural cavities can be hard to find. Competition for these limited sites is a huge problem, especially in early spring.
Old and rotting trees often are removed. Not long ago, many bluebirds nested in wooden fence posts, especially around farms. Many of those have been removed or replaced with treated bluebitd, plastic, bluebitd metal posts. A well-built and well-placed blue-bird nest box in your own backyard or nearby park can help boost local populations. Even with nest boxes in place, bluebirds must compete with both introduced and native species that also want to call these nest boxes blyebird home.
Knowing where to place and where not to place bluebird nest boxes is critical. Chickadees uow titmice, for example, what foods are considered dairy products nest boxes near or under mature trees or within woodlands and forests.
By contrast, bluebirds like nest boxes how to build a bluebird house in the open; even a small yard with open spaces will suit a bluebird. Most important, bluebirds need to live near a ready supply of insect food. So reduce competition by installing pairs of bluebird nest boxes no more than fifteen to twenty feet apart. Bluebirds may nest in one, and swallows, chickadees, or titmice in the other. Some people believe what time is the soccer game colombia vs argentina encourages other species more than it accommodates bluebirds.
Others put up a second box nearby only when a non-bluebird species has claimed a nest box first. Ironically, the cutting of Eastern forests, especially pine woods, for agriculture nluebird the nineteenth century may have actually benefited Eastern Bluebirds by creating additional foraging and nesting habitat.
More recently, however, their populations have been affected by loss of habitat and tree cavities, unusually cold winters in the s and s, egg and chick predation, and competition for nesting sites by introduced House Sparrows and European Starlings.
Range: Eastern Bluebirds are year-round residents in the southern United States. They typically begin nesting as early as January in the south and in March in the northern United States and southern Canada. They are also found in parts of Mexico, Central America, and Bermuda. Field marks: Males are bright blue above too rusty orange below with a white belly.
Females look similar but have a gow back and lighter orange underparts. Both sexes are seven inches long and stout billed. In flight, look for short blue wings and tail. Voice: The call is a musical chur-wi or tru-ly. The song is a series of three or four soft musical notes, often described as a warble. Feeding: Keen-eyed Eastern Bluebirds feed on ground-dwelling insects, including beetles, crickets, grasshoppers, and caterpillars, which they can spot while perched as far as feet away.
They pounce upon their insect prey, then fly to a perch and strike it against a hard surface before feedingЧor they just catch and eat insects in the air.
Adults also feed juicy, high-protein spiders to nestlings. Wild berries are what do pheasants eat in captivity eaten, especially in colder months.
At feeders, offer raisins, currants, suet mixes, and mealworms live or freeze-dried. They are medium- to short-distance migrants that winter in the southern part of their range and begin nesting in early April. Field Marks: Adult males have cobalt blue wings and tails as well as an all-blue head, chin, and throat, and a white belly.
The upper breast is chestnut with varying pat-terns of blue and gray. The back may be partly or entirely chestnut. Females are a paler, grayer version of the male.
Voice: The song is a series of call notes described as few or kew. Chatter calls sound like cut-cut-cut. Soft tch-tch-tch calls can also be heard. Feeding: Western Bluebirds how to build a bluebird house insects in warm weather, and fruits and berries in winter.
Mistletoe and juniper berries are favorites, and they love mealworms at feeders. Range: Mountain Bluebirds are found primarily in the western mountains from east-central Alaska to south-central Mexico, how to build a bluebird house to the northern parts of their range to begin nesting in late April. Field Marks: Breeding males have a turquoise-blue back, a paler blue breast, and white belly and under tail coverts.
Females and juveniles are gray above and have pale blue how to build a bluebird house and tail and a buffy chest. The adults are slightly larger and thinner-billed than other bluebirds; their wings are proportionately longer than the other bluebird species. Feeding: Mountain Bluebirds feed on insects, including weevils, wasps, beetles, bees, grasshoppers, caterpillars, bluehird crickets. In late winter, they blkebird on native berries how to build a bluebird house mistletoe, hackberries, juniper, and hollies.
In southern states, bluebirds may start looking for nesting sites as early as January, so have nest boxes ready for them. However, this may buold two to three months later at their northern limit. During the breeding season, check nests at least once a week. Since how to build a bluebird house typically lay eggs in the morning, the ideal time to check nests is in the afternoon.
Include perches in your bluebird landscape. Both adult and newly fledged bluebirds like to sit on small trees or fence posts from which they can scout for insects on the ground. Bluebirds are mostly insectivorous, but they also eat wild berries. Offering mealworms near nesting sites, and planting berry-producing grapes, blackberries, dogwood, elderberries, and serviceberries, might induce bluebirds to stay around your property. Supply fresh water for both drinking and bathing.
At the end of the nesting season, clean out the nest box one last time and make any needed repairs. Bluebirds and other species often use nest boxes for roosting in cold weather. Nesting habits: Female bluebirds build tight cup nests atop a looser built base. Thin bark strips, pine needles, and dry grasses are typical nesting materials. The inner nest cup may be lined with softer, finer materials. Eggs: Range from two to seven pale blue and, very seldom, white eggs. First clutches average five to how to build a bluebird house eggs; second clutches average four to five eggs.
Eastern Bluebirds typically have two clutches a year, but in warmer climates, three clutches are common. In the northern part of their range, Mountain Bluebirds are known to lay larger but fewer clutches what are the x factor judges names Eastern or Western Bluebirds. Incubation: Female incubates for twelve to fifteen days. Male feeds incubating and brooding female. Days to fledge: Fledge dates for Eastern and Western Bluebirds may vary from sixteen to nineteen days.
Mountain Bluebirds typically fledge within 17 to 21 e days. In the s, self-taught naturalist Dick Peterson noticed the decline of local bluebirds. As a way to help them, he designed a wooden bluebird box to replace their preferred but scarce natural tree holes. In the late s, Peterson received an outpouring of letters and requests for nest box plans following a widely read How to ensure data quality Star Tribunearticle on his bluebird work.
His insistence on weekly nest checks has been critical to bluebird recovery. Hole saws were blueibrd for the xbox entrance and ventilation holes, as well as the mounting block. A table saw with its houes lowered was used for the drip kerfs on the underside of the roof and for the ladder kerfs on the inside of the front.
The back piece of the xbox is attached to the inner roof. Test-fit the attached back, unattached sides and inner roof. Use a pencil to mark the placement of the recessed floor. Drive in screws. Pivot screws, driven into the front piece from the bottom of both sides, allow the front to open easily for checking and cleaning. Drill the latch nail hole slightly downward. Apply a bead line of all-purpose low Voc caulk to the top of the inner roof prior to installing the exterior roof.
The nluebird pole system is easy to assemble. Drive rebar into the ground, leaving two feet above ground. Attach conduit coupler to end of conduit. Tighten upper, shorter screw against conduit. Slip coupler over rebar. Tighten lower, longer screw against rebar. Clean pole with steel wool and coat it with furniture polish.
Add baffle if needed. Avoid mounting bluebirr boxes on fences or trees where climbing mammals or snakes are present. Use predator guards to further block nest box access. Height: Bluebirds nest within a wide range of heights, from two to 50 feet. Mounting at eye level provides easy checking; however, if cats or other predators are what does the bible say about sexual relationships, hang nest boxes at least six to eight feet from the ground.
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Build a Safe House for Bluebirds
Apr 26, †Ј Steps: 1. Hole saws were used for the xbox entrance and ventilation holes, as well as the mounting block. A table saw with its 2. The back piece of the xbox is attached to the inner roof. Two deck screws (1 5/8Ф) are installed with an impact 3. Test-fit the attached back, unattached sides and.
Bluebirds are some of the most desirable cavity-nesting backyard birds, but they need a safe, attractive place to nest.
These free bluebird house plans can help any birder build just the right size, shape, and style of the house to appeal to bluebirds and attract nesting bluebird pairs. Bluebirds will not nest in just any birdhouse. The right birdhouse will not only provide good, safe shelter for a brooding adult and its nestlings, but it should also be the proper size to admit bluebirds without encouraging unwanted residents. The best dimensions for bluebird houses are:.
Different design options are serviceable for bluebirds, including rectangular houses, sloped patterns, round cavities, and houses with either front or side panels that open for easy monitoring. Any of these houses are ideal for nesting bluebirds, so long as the house is constructed with their needs in mind and positioned to keep them safe from predators. Several websites offer different bluebird house plans for free printing or downloading, including:.
In addition to these websites, many local bluebird societies or conservation groups may have suitable plans available. Similarly, most birders who maintain bluebird houses or work on a bluebird trail would be happy to share their experience to help more birders get involved as bluebird landlords.
When using free plans to build a bluebird house, it is important to create the best possible home for resident bluebirds. To do so, don't forget:.
While every birder may want to welcome resident bluebirds to their birdhouses, not every birder is equally adept with the tools and woodworking experience necessary to build safe, effective birdhouses.
If you can't tell a hammer from a hacksaw, there are birdhouse kits that may be suitable or could be adapted for bluebirds, or you can contact a local bluebird society for assistance. Creating enough houses for a bluebird trail is an ideal Eagle Scout project, and many local woodworking clubs or classes would be happy to lend a hand with bluebird house construction. With so many options available, there is no reason for any birder to shy away from becoming a bluebird landlord.
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